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Java and Python: Selecting the Best Language for Your Needs


Java is a widely used programming language which is a versatile, object-oriented platform. Because Java is a compiled language, it functions faster and more effectively than Python. Compiled languages, like Java, translate coding into machine code, enabling the processor to run more rapidly and efficiently.

Pros of Java

1. It is simple: The syntax is clear, making it simple to write. It is less difficult than languages such as C++ and takes advantage of automated memory allocation.

2. It is platform-independent: Computers like Windows that are compatible with the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) platform may run Java.

3. It’s object-oriented: Because you construct classes with data, methods, and objects, it provides a more straightforward approach to large-scale project creation. Its adaptability promotes reusing code and makes debugging simpler.

4. Global Community: It offers a vast worldwide community that can help you learn Java or troubleshoot any issues.

5. It supports multithreading: Java allows you to execute several threads at once. Multiple threads share the same memory space to improve efficiency and speed.

6. Security of Java: Java is secure because it avoids the use of explicit references, operates in a virtual machine known as a sandbox, employs a byte-code verifier to detect unlawful code, and offers library-level safety in addition to the Java security package and runtime security checks. 

Cons of Java

1. No control over waste pickup: As a programmer, you will be unable to handle trash collection using methods such as free() or delete().

2. Java carries tons of words: Although Java is basic, it has a large number of words, which can result in complicated, lengthy statements and explanations.

3. Desktops do not connect with native users: they lack a natural appearance. Java’s GUI builders are not appropriate for constructing complex desktop UIs, and their performance is worse on desktop than on mobile. Finding the correct GUI builder is critical.


Python, a programming language, is renowned for its simplicity and ease of learning. As an interpreted language, it executes commands line by line using interpreters. Python’s succinct syntax allows for faster and simpler learning and testing than Java, as it does not need to build the complete programme before executing. Other languages that are interpreted are PHP and JavaScript. The developer’s first choice is Python.

Pros of Python

1. Similarity with Java: Python, like Java, is platform neutral, meaning it may be used on a variety of systems, such as macOS, Windows, and Linux. You will just require an interpreter developed for that platform.

2. It enables rapid development: Python’s dynamic typing makes it both quick and easy to create. Furthermore, it employs asynchronous programming to address circumstances and issues more quickly since each unit of code executes independently.

3. It provides large libraries: Its extensive library facilitates typical tasks and instructions. It also contains code that may be used for a variety of applications, including document generation, unit testing, and CGI.

4. Flexible programming approach: Phyton supports a wide range of programming styles and paradigms. This is not just good for programmers who value flexibility, but it is also ideal for start-ups that may need to change directions quickly.

5. It is free and open-source: you can download it for free, and because it is so simple to learn and has one of the largest and most active communities, you should be able to start writing code in minutes.

6. It may increase productivity: According to NetGuru, Python exceeds Java in terms of conciseness, dynamic typing, control capabilities, and integration features, which make programs more productive.

Cons of Phyton

1. It only runs one thread at a time: Python’s Global Interpreter Lock constrains thread execution, resulting in slower multi-threaded CPU-bound programs. Using multiprocessing programmes instead can be a viable solution.

2. It is not mobile native: Python may be used well for mobile applications, but choosing the correct libraries is critical. Kivy, for example, allows you to create mobile apps and software that works with Linux, and Windows.

3. It consumes a significant amount of memory: Using NumPy can assist reduce memory use for each object in a project with numerous active objects in RAM.

How to Get Started with Java and Phyton

Selecting one or both programming languages is necessary to become a good programmer. As Python is easier to learn and contains shorter, more succinct code than Java, it’s frequently the better option for novices. Coding boot camps, which last anywhere from six to 28 weeks, offer a comprehensive, immersive experience. These boot camps teach high-level skills like web programming, data science, and user experience design, or they might be language-specific. They are generally not self-paced and can be accessed online or in person. Certificate courses provide documentation of the acquisition of essential skills, which may be included in a CV. This allows you to gain knowledge and expertise in the programming language for the workplace, as an alternative to obtaining a degree with a special focused attention.


While Java is better suited for enterprise programming, Android app development, and applications requiring high speed, Python is a better choice for beginners in data science and web development. Learning two languages helps one’s skill set expand and adapt to project needs.