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Soft fork vs hard fork: What is a hard and soft fork in cryptocurrency?

Define the forks

Code gets copied and changed in blockchain forks to produce new software or products. Open-source projects like Bitcoin and Ethereum, which depend on communities for security and reliability, allow for the development of decentralized software. Forks improve user interfaces by expanding the user base and enabling customization, replacement, and access without worrying about copyright.

What are Soft forks and Hard forks?

Soft Forks

The more rational of the two is largely accepted to be a soft fork. It is an intentional fork that is often used to slightly improve the protocols while ensuring that the new protocol remains fully compatible with blocks generated prior to the fork. There will only be one chain as a result of nodes having the option to update to the new protocol.

Hard Forks

The hard fork normally happens on purpose and makes the chains incompatible. The chains continue in various directions from the fork’s origin. While the other chain continues to use the old protocols, one chain accepts the new protocol. Hard forks have previously been used to extend functionality, increase network speed, and reduce gas costs.

What are the types of forks?

1. Codebase blockchain fork

Users may copy and edit the whole code of software, such as Bitcoin, using the Codebase blockchain fork. This enables users to write fast software and publish it, resulting in the development of an entirely novel blockchain with a new name. A number of alternative currencies have been developed and are presently active on the blockchain as a result of slight changes to the Bitcoin code.

2. Temporary forks

Several miners mining a new block at almost the same time can lead to conflicting views on the new block’s selection. This arises since information propagation in the blockchain network takes a certain amount of time, resulting in conflicting perspectives on the chronological sequence of events. When one chain expires, temporary forks resolve themselves since most functional nodes pick the other chain to contribute new blocks to and sync with.

3. Accidental forks

Accidental forks typically occur more frequently when many parties mine a block at almost the same moment.

4. Intentional fork

The two sorts of forks that come from intentional forks are centered on protocol backward compatibility and block mining time, respectively. Intentional forks change blockchain rules by actively modifying software code.

The differences between hard and soft forks

Hard forks aren’t the only way to change a cryptocurrency’s software. While nodes that do not update to the most recent versions still accept the chain as authentic, soft forks are considered to be a safer, backwards-compatible alternative.

A soft fork can be used to provide new capabilities and features without changing the rules that a blockchain must comply with. Soft forks are frequently used to add new features at the programming level.

To learn more about the difference between hard forks and soft forks, update your operational dashboard in a straightforward manner on a computer or mobile device. All of the device’s apps will continue to work with the latest operating system following the upgrade. A hard fork in this situation will switch to a new operating system.

Business networks and Bitcoin exchanges differentiate between hard and soft forks. Hard forks can generate community discord, but well-planned ones can result in software changes. If they conform with current standards, soft forks are far more diplomatic and prevent fragmentation.


Any program or piece of software, as with any blockchain network, has to be modified to accomplish more ambitious and difficult goals. One can make decentralized software updates using hard forks and soft forks without requiring a central authority. Networks would be unable to adopt new features without forks, necessitating the deployment of a central system for ultimate control.