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The Rise of Tokenization in the Blockchain Era

Data replication, such as email replication, is prevalent in the digital age, yet copying assets, such as money, may devalue them. Banks are usually the custodians of such transactions. But, blockchain technology removes the need for middlemen.

Tokenization Explained

Tokenization is the process of converting both intangible and tangible assets into digital tokens, thereby democratizing real estate investing. The Federal Reserve issued research on the benefits and drawbacks of tokenization, and several countries, particularly in Asia, are drafting regulations for these organizations.

Why Is Tokenization Important?

The significance of tokenization stems from its capacity to offer security and inclusiveness that older techniques cannot. It guarantees secure, efficient, and open transactions by converting assets into digital tokens. Tokenization, as opposed to traditional systems, provides for fractional ownership, greater accessibility, and increased liquidity of assets. It represents a significant advancement in asset management and distribution, made possible by blockchain technology.

Tokenization and Blockchain

Tokens are produced on the blockchain using smart contracts, which are digital protocols that ensure compliance and facilitate value transfers. The UTXO model and the Account-based model are two basic types of models. The UTXO model is used by Bitcoin. Account-based model is used by Ethereum.

Tokens come in many types and uses.

There are several kinds and uses for tokens:

  • Security Tokens: Tokens that reflect underlying assets and validate ownership rights are known as security tokens.
  • Platform tokens: These tokens, like Ethereum’s Dai token, are used to power decentralized apps.
  • Utility Tokens: Provide a variety of tasks, ranging from service access to governance in DAOs.

Asset-Based Token Types

  • Fungible Tokens: Like gold, they are interchangeable and consistent.
  • Non-fungible Tokens (NFTs): Individual tokens with a traceable history that represent individual assets, such as artwork.

The Advantages of Tokenization

  • Better accessibility due to fractionalization, quicker settlement leading to more liquidity, and cross-time zone security applications.
  • Faster settlements result in faster asset turnover and, therefore, more liquidity. This might aid financial companies in their transition from the existing T+2 norm to near real-time settlement. On the same day, assets can be exchanged, settled, and used as collateral, dramatically enhancing the velocity of money and resulting in a wide variety of economic benefits.
  • Increased efficiency as a result of smart contracts’ substitution of traditional financial functions and their simplicity. Lower expenses for issuers and investors may result from this approach.
  • Asset mobility; unlike traditional financial infrastructure, any asset may move rapidly on the blockchain. Consider ACH rails for cash payments.

Tokenization in the Business

  1. Reduce transaction times.
  2. Intangible assets’ value should be increased.
  3. Reduce your reliance on traditional banking systems.
  4. Increase user involvement and provide creative financing options.

Tokenization Implementation Challenges

1. Not resistant to assaults

Blockchain technology is vulnerable to cyberattacks, with 122 incidents stealing $3.78 billion in 2020. Nevertheless, there has been an 8% decline in assaults in 2020, as opposed to 133 in 2019, demonstrating that technology is becoming more secure.

2. Regulatory concerns

Asset tokenization is fraught with difficulties due to regulatory considerations and technological limitations. The international nature of blockchain provides the potential for organizations and individuals, yet countries lack consistent rules. Regulators, lawmakers, and developers must define the legal framework for tokenized assets and create worldwide rules and regulations.


Tokenization has several applications, but its popular implementation requires worldwide legislation and production-grade solutions. As a part of the future finance landscape, financial institutions should address infrastructure for onboarding, administration, and interaction with legacy systems as investment in tokenization technology grows.